Lactarius violascens    (J. Otto: Fr.) Fr. 

New classification: Basidiomycota/Agaricomycotina/Agaricomycetes/Incertae sedis/Russulales/Russulaceae  
Former classification: Basidiomycota/Homobasidiomycetes/Agaricomycetideae/Russulales/Russulaceae  

synonyms: Lactarius uvidus-violascens 

edibility : unknown edibility

photo gallery of  Lactarius violascens
photo gallery of  Lactarius violascens potential confusions with  Lactarius violascens toxicity of Lactarius violascens genus Lactarius  

The cap is brown-beige then violaceous greyish-brown, convex-flattened to depressed at the centre, or funnel-shaped. The cap surface is with darker concentric bands, and stains or blotches towards margin, a bit lubricated in wet weather.

The stem is same colour as cap or paler, more or less cylindrical, without ring.

The flesh is whitish, turning purple in the cap in 5 minutes when cut; its taste is mild or slightly bitter; the odour is faint, fruity; its texture is grainy (breaking like a chalk stick), exuding when cut a white milk, unchanging when isolated, but staining gills and flesh with violet.

The gills are pale to cream ochre, stained with brown with age, adnate to decurrent, not very crowded . The spore print is cream (D-E). This species is mycorrhizal. It grows in mixed or deciduous woods, on a rather calcareous soil, under beech, oak, hornbeam.

The fruiting period takes place from July to November.
Dimensions: width of cap approximately 7 cm (between 5 and 10 cm)
  height of stem approximately 6 cm (between 4 and 8 cm)
  thickness of stem (at largest section) approximately 11 mm (between 7.5 and 20 mm)

Chemical tests : none.

Distinctive features : Beige-brown to reddish brown cap, with dark violet brown shades; watery white milk, unchanging, but staining flesh and gills with purple; mild or bitter milk

Lactarius violascens is quite rare and localised in the forest of Rambouillet, and is quite rare, more generally speaking .
here should be the distribution map of Lactarius violascens in the forest of Rambouillet
Above : distribution map of Lactarius violascens in the forest of Rambouillet

page updated on 14/01/18