Lycoperdon perlatum    Pers.:Pers. 

common name(s) : Common Puffball 

New classification: Basidiomycota/Agaricomycotina/Agaricomycetes/Agaricomycetidae/Agaricales/Agaricaceae  
Former classification: Basidiomycota/Homobasidiomycetes/Gasteromycetideae/Lycoperdales/Lycoperdaceae  

synonyms: Lycoperdon gemmatum 

edibility : edible

photo gallery of  Lycoperdon perlatum
photo gallery of  Lycoperdon perlatum potential confusions with  Lycoperdon perlatum toxicity of Lycoperdon perlatum genus Lycoperdon  

The fruiting body is spherical or pear-shaped, with conical spines that may be washed away, leaving a polygonal trace, some of them short, the others larger, and a slight umbo at the top, whitish then grey-brown, with a rather long stem (two thirds of the total height) but not differentiated from the fertile head, tapering at the base.

The flesh is white, firm, becoming soft, olive-brown when mature (fertile head, eventually dissolving to powder) or ochraceous (sterile part forming the stem); its taste is faint, non disctinctive; the odour is non disctinctive or faint, later unpleasant.

The fertile surface is internal: the spores are released as dust when mature, from a pore at the top. The spore print is olive-brown.

It grows on the ground, trooping in broad-leaved and coniferous woods, sometimes in parks.

The fruiting period takes place from July to December.
Dimensions: width of fruiting body approximately 4 cm (between 1 and 6 cm)
  total height approximately 5 cm (between 1 and 9 cm)

Chemical tests : none.

Distinctive features : round head and stem not easily distinguished; white stem and head, covered with conical spines that may be washed away; spores are blown out as powder when mature from a round pore at the top of the head; no distinct internal membrane separating the fertile head from the stem; the most common of all Puffballs

Lycoperdon perlatum is frequent and very widely present in the forest of Rambouillet, and is frequent, more generally speaking .
here should be the distribution map of Lycoperdon perlatum in the forest of Rambouillet
Above : distribution map of Lycoperdon perlatum in the forest of Rambouillet

page updated on 14/01/18